Located in Berkshire.
Founded in by Queen Anne. Assembly Rooms — Nearly every town had public halls where dances, concerts, and other social events were held. These ballrooms could be rented for private gatherings or subscription balls. Assizes — Outside of London judges traveled from town to town within their designated circuit, hearing cases of a criminal or other serious nature at an assize court held two or three times a year. Prisoners often waited in jail for months before trial.
Founded in by famed trick rider Phillip Astley. Bandeau — A narrow band of stiffened fabric worn on the head to confine the hair. Banns — Public announcement in church of a proposed marriage. Banyan — A loose-skirted coat worn by men as a dressing gown; a robe, basically. Baron — The lowest of the five ranks within the peerage; wife is a baroness. Barouche — A fancy carriage with a folding hood that seated four people, two on each bench facing each other. Two, four, or six horses could be used to pull it.
Like a convertible today, the hood could be put down for the passengers to enjoy nice weather. It was an elegant but not a particularly manly carriage. Barrister — A lawyer who argues cases in court. They do not directly represent a client, being retained by a solicitor on behalf of a client without directly taking money from the client.
Thus, technically, they were of the gentlemen class due to not receiving a set wage. By the Regency, it had lost popularity among the younger set due to the rise of Brighton on the southern coast. Instead of taking the spa waters, the hot new health craze that replaced it was sea-bathing. Bath came to be associated with sickly, elderly people. Bath Chair — Old fashioned name for a wheelchair. Name probably derived from their use in assisting invalids to take the waters in Bath.
Beau Brummell — George Bryan Brummell, known as the Beau, was the most important arbiter of fashion during the Regency. He rose to the highest levels of society despite an unimpressive ancestry his grandfather had been a shopkeeper, his father a private secretary to Lord North through his good looks, impeccable style, keen wit, and elegant manners.
He became a friend of the Prince Regent when still a teenager. Arrogance and reckless extravagance led to his downfall. He had fallen out of favor with the prince by , and fled England in when his debts became too large. He settled in France, first in Calais then in Caen, where he died destitute and demented in an asylum, a victim of syphilis. Bedlam — An insane asylum in London.
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The full name was the Hospital of Saint Mary of Bethlehem. The common shortened name has since become synonymous for all asylums and also as a term for general chaos and clamor. Betsy — A detachable collar made up of lace ruffles that could be worn with different dresses.
Fashionable way to keep your neck warm. A prostitute. Formed to imitate the French society of the same name. Eventually evolved into the primary police force in the city of London until to establishment of the Metropolitan Police in Worn over the shirt they crossed in the back and went over the shoulders, but were hidden inside the waistcoat.
Regency breeches tended to be worn tighter with the emphasis on accenting the manly physique. Brighton — Seaside town about forty-five miles away from London, where people went to improve their health in the craze for sea-bathing—and to party! It was here in his favorite getaway spot that he built his fantastic Pavilion. Brighton was annually the next stop on the social whirl for high society following the Season in London.
Buckskins — Fashionable trousers made from the skin of deer. So dashing! Busk — A long, flat board-like item inserted into the front of a full-corset to aid posture and separate the breasts. Butler — More than merely answered doors, the butler was responsible for directing the male portion of the indoor household staff.
The butler had extensive duties, including overseeing the correct service of meals, protecting the silverware from thieves, maintaining the wine cellar, and being in charge of household security.http://shadifactory.com/components/dictionaries/the-upanishads-breath-of-the-eternal.php
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Cabriolet — A light, two-wheeled carriage for one horse. It seated two, was usually driven by the gentleman himself, and had a folding leather hood. Calash — A narrow, light carriage early version of a barouche seating two people facing each other; four-wheeled and hooded with a bench for the driver.
Canals — Before trains, cargo was moved through England on narrow-boats that traversed quaint man-made canals. A vast network of canals crisscrossed England. This was a common mode of transportation in Europe and America, too. Many investors made great fortunes building canals during the Regency, but the trains soon made them obsolete. Today many narrow-boats have been turned into passenger vessels and offer tourists a relaxing way to view the English countryside.
Catarrh — Illness where mucus fills the head, nose, and throat. A cold? Chaise — A light, open carriage, usually with a folding top. They generally had two wheels and sat two people and were drawn by one horse. It could be worn with the two corners pointing sideways or front-to-back. Three-pointed styles also existed. Also known as a cocked hat, the chapeau bras was worn on full dress or court occasions. Chaperon — A respectable female in charge of an unmarried young lady in public, especially responsible for making sure she behaves herself around the opposite sex.
Chatelaine — A set of decorative and useful items hung at the waist with a decorative chain.
Commonly associated with the Housekeeper who kept the keys to the Manor on her person at all times, a chatelaine was also worn by fashionable ladies and would secure a watch, sewing or writing implements, small coin purses, etc. This sleeveless, mid-calf length garment of white cotton or muslin was worn next to the skin under the stays. Chemisette — A partial shirt worn by a woman to tuck into a low-cut gown for added modesty.
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Cheroot or cigarillo — A small, thin cigar. Smoking was not as popular as the use of snuff. Most Englishmen who smoked picked up the habit in Spain while fighting the Peninsular War. Chocolate — Usually refers to the drink, hot chocolate, though cocoa was also used in desserts. Clergymen — The Church of England was lead by the Archbishops of York and Canterbury with assistance from the bishops , who are next in the ecclesiastical hierarchy.
The parish priest fell below the bishops. Also referred to as vicars and rectors, they officiated at all religious ceremonies weddings, christenings, funerals as well as conducting regular services. Next were the deacons and curates. Coach — A large, sturdy, four-wheeled closed carriage pulled by four to six horses.
There were many varieties of coaches: Clarence, Dormeuse, Hackney, Brougham. At a coaching inn, you could have a meal, rent fresh horses for the next leg of your journey, or stay overnight. Coffee houses — Though tea may be the quintessential British beverage, coffee preceded it in popularity by several decades and later became eclipsed by it. Colleges — The autonomous residential, social, and educational facilities that comprised the Universities of Cambridge and Oxford.
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By Cambridge had 18 colleges and Oxford had 22 colleges. Only males were allowed to enroll. She would first be presented at the Royal Court to the ruling monarch, and a ball would usually be held in her honor. Then she would be free to attend society events and seek a husband. Constables — Peacekeeping officers appointed by the local magistrate to arrest criminals. Full-figured women might choose hip-length stays to shape the torso, but usually they merely hugged the ribcage to support the bosom.
Stays were made of a sturdy canvas cloth, often faced with silk, reinforced inside with whalebone, which had a bit of give so they were not terribly uncomfortable compared to the corsets of the preceding early Georgian and following Victorian periods. These were extremely comfortable being of a loose, baggy fit. Costermonger — Also coster. Street vendor of fruits and vegetables. Cotillion — A French dance for four or more couples with complicated steps and much changing of partners, led by one couple.
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Came to be associated with balls in a general sense, especially those for debutantes to mingle and meet eligible bachelors. Country dance — A dance of rural English origin in which partners face each other in two long lines.